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The chart below is a great guide to picking the right onion, as well. Similar to Vidalia onions, Mayan onions are a type of super-sweet onion that are delicious when you eat them raw. Small tiny onions such as pearl onions are great for pickling and have a sweeter flavor. Are also known as salad onions, bunching onions, Welsh onions and spring onions. 4. What to choose depends on where you live. Actually, there are many varieties of onion. Being dehydrated, it has a long shelf life and is available in several varieties: yellow, red, and white. Cooking leeks helps to soften the firm texture and makes the taste much milder. Spanish onions are a type of large yellow onion with a mild taste and are also commonly used for frying, adding to stews, or soups. Bermuda. Long-day onions bulb only when they receive 15 or 16 hours of daylight. Different localities often use their own common names for cultivars that are genetically almost identical. Always buy certified seeds. *Experimental: This variety does not appear on the current South African Variety list, but has been submitted for registration. True bunching onions or scallions (Allium fistulosum) grow as perennials in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 6 through 9. Nobody loved it, nobody hated it. The earlier you plant them, the larger they get, but they won't get very big in the northern states. Compared to white onions and yellow onions, red onions have the highest number of these health-boosting compounds. This chart was created to serve as a guide for helping you choose what kind of onion to use in a recipe. If you live in the south, choose a short-day variety, like Red Bull. With about a dozen varieties readily available in most markets, as well as several less common types, it can be hard to know which kind of onion to choose for your marinara sauce and which to select for your pico de gallo. Chinese onion is also known as Chinese Scallion, Japanese scallion, rakkyo and oriental onion. Shallot onions have whitish translucent flesh that has tinges of red running through it. Scallion bulbs are also an important part of many recipes. The reason that yellow onions have such a powerful taste is due to their high levels of sulfur. They're often eaten raw or used in longer-cooking recipes. When growing onions, your region has to be taken into account to achieve peak size and performance. The table below gives our recommendations for each of the different types of onions - in the end it comes down to personal preference on taste and appearance, so try a couple of varieties to discover your own favourite. Certified seeds: 95-100% of the seeds will grow & therefore you will use less seed Give high yields; Are resistant to some diseases; Have a longer shelf life. Despite its name, the Welsh onion has nothing to do with the country of the same name. They also have more quercetin (an antioxidant) than garlic and white onions. Onion varieties also have different requirements regarding the number of daylight hours required to make a bulb. Available November 09, 2020—April 11, 2021 The short day onion varieties start the bulbing process when daylight length reaches 10-12 hours. Sweet onions: Bermuda Onions. Pearl onions are from the same Allium genus as onions but are a cultivar of Allium ampeloprasum which means they are more closely related to leeks. Common onions are normally available in three colour varieties: Yellow or brown onions (called "red" in some European countries) are full-flavoured and are the onions of choice for everyday use, with many cultivars bred specifically to demonstrate this sweetness (Vidalia, Walla Walla, Cévennes, "Bermuda," &c.). Leek shoots can grow up to three feet high, but most often the Leeks you will find at the supermarket will be around a foot in length as in most cases the upper, leafy portions of the shoots can be quite tough and are generally not eaten. Click on the link of those cultivars/varieties in the page, you can show the detail and you can confirm the information such as the farmers who produces those cultivars/varieties, the related products and so on, for Onion. The bulbs generally take two to four months to mature, but some varieties mature more quickly while others take longer. They're often eaten raw or used in longer-cooking recipes. The main use of scallions in culinary dishes is for their long green hollow leaves. It is made from finely ground, dehydrated onions, mainly the pungent varieties of bulb onions, and has a strong odour. Products by Category. You'll be much happier with the results. The onion shape is typical of many yellow onion varieties. There are many different varieties of onions but they are not all created equal. For example, many recipes include the green leaves of spring onions (scallions) as well as the onion bulb. Categories Vegetables Tags Alliums, Amaryllidaceae, Onions, Root Crops. They give dishes a mild sharpness without having overpowering onion aromas. Bianco di maggio are Italian heirloom cipolline with white, sweet flesh. Granex, also known as the Vidalia onion, comes in red and white varieties. ' Bulbing onions, Allium cepa, can be used all year round, either fresh from the garden or stored.Yellow, red and white-skinned varieties are available, with differing flavours and storing potential. Because of their size, pearl onions are usually the best type of cocktail onion to use. Certain onion types and cultivars grow best at particular latitudes of the United States, thus the geographic location of your onion crop should determine what kind of onion should be planted. Onions are used to enhance the flavors of food cooked. They provide a sharp kick to... 3. The vegetable known as the green onion comes from a species from the Allium fistulosum family. Their high sugar content and low sulfur content mean that they are one of the sweetest varieties of onion you can buy. Never fear: let our ingredient guide come to the rescue. Besides Vidalia and Bermuda (whose name refers to a time when most onions imported to the U.S. were grown in Bermuda), other well-known sweet varieties, grown primarily in … Larger and slightly flatter than yellow onions, with lighter colored, less opaque skin, sweet onions contain extra sugar, making them good for caramelizing. Even though onions are a pungent type of vegetable commonly used in cooking, there are also many sweet varieties that you can enjoy eating raw. Onions can have skin colors that vary from white to yellow to dark yellow/brown, to red. These varieties include the white or yellow Bermuda, Texas grano 1015 and 502 along with the Excel and Texas granex 33 or Vidalia onion. These onions are great for stuffing and baking, they're also delicately sweet which... 2. One North American type of “spring onion” is ramps, sometimes called Tennessee truffles (Allium tricoccum). The small onion bulbs are surrounded by a thin white skin. Unlike common onions, pearl onions don’t have such a pungent flavor or sharp taste. When you are choosing onions to plant in your vegetable garden, you will often see them listed as either short-day onions or long-day onions. These varieties will do best from the Midwest to the Canadian border. When looking for onions to grow in zone 9, look for short day varieties. Some onions are better used for soups because of their higher sugar content while others can be eaten completely raw. One of the most common types of sweet onions to use for a cocktail onion is the pearl onion. White onions are also flavorful when chopped up in guacamole, chutney or salsa. Mild sweeter onions are great raw in salads or salsas to give a fresh flavorful texture. Bulb-forming onion varieties (Allium cepa) are annual plants that are pulled from the soil when their bulbs are ready for harvest. Recommended Varieties of Onion. 2. Onions are related to other bulb vegetables in the Allium genus such as garlic, leeks, chives, and Chinese onions. Walla Walla onions were developed in Washington State and are a delicious type of sweet onion with a mild flavor. Long day sweet onion varieties generally mature a few weeks before long day storage onion varieties and will keep from one to four months, so eat them first. Although the caramelizing times of these various onions are consistent, our tasters' preferences were not. Yellow onions (Allium cepa) have a strong rich flavor, papery brown-yellow skin, and are one of the most common types of onions in the world. 1.2 World Production and Trade Onions are a type of bulbous vegetable from the Allium genus, and the general botanical name for them is Allium cepa. Even if you use them almost every time you cook, onions can still be pretty bewildering. Both bulb and stalks are edible and can be eaten cooked or raw. Cipollini is an Italian variety of onion that is becoming popular outside of Italy. Subscribe Today For. Some larger varieties of Welsh onions can look like leeks due to their size. Red onions: Red Wing. [1], "Mexicali Onion - Allium peninsulare - Common names - Encyclopedia of Life", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=List_of_onion_cultivars&oldid=945876824, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia articles needing rewrite from August 2017, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Many references give the common name "Penisula Onion", this may be a perpetuated typo, but EOL, This page was last edited on 16 March 2020, at 18:10. Allium allegheniense small Aspen onion Allium bisceptrum S. Watson var try to grow the same.. Tiny onions such as pearl onions is one of the tastiest kinds of onions one! Of sandwiches, specifically hamburgers but richer flavor of this, they 're often eaten raw used! Frying and sautéing because its sweetness intensifies as it caramelizes when they 15. Unusual shape, torpedo onions are one of the smallest varieties of onions and dry onions onion varieties list putting! 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