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Posted by Mick at 9:28 AM 3 comments: The Coo Coo, Poo Poo & Pee Pee Novelty Company - Sept. 2, 1977. The Correspondance School was a network of individuals who were artists by virtue of their willingness to play along and appreciate Johnson's sense of humor. [citation needed]. However, the second (punning) meaning of “present” – present meaning gift – was just as important to the logic of Johnson’s postal system. Ina Blom curated the following exhibition: 2003 The National Museum of Art, Architecture and Design Oslo Psychedelic stamp call slideshow, see the full global collection of stamps in the comments... Mail Art. Facebook is showing information to help you better understand the purpose of a Page. Mail-Art is an international network of hundreds of artists who apply communicationmedia as artmedia. But then the quip about the history of Mail Art was itself a pun, of the most serious kind. Raymond Edward "Ray" Johnson (October 16, 1927 – January 13, 1995), was a seminal figure in the history of Neo-Dada and early Pop art. [21], The excluded works were ultimately added to the exhibition by the staff of the Franklin Furnace, but the events surrounding it and the panels revealed ideological rifts within the mail art community. But then mail art was seen as one of the new “communication arts”, a form of media aesthetics that evolved alongside video art as well as the new questioning of distribution and public access that informed much of the new performative and conceptual art practices: A collage-like work by Ray Johnson even claims to present a “history of video art”, however idiosyncratic. collagiste américain & artiste du mailart. [2] Small assemblages, sculptural forms or found objects of irregular shapes and sizes are parceled up or sent unwrapped to deliberately tease and test the efficiency of the postal service. But it was the New York artist Ray Johnson who, in the mid 1950s, posted small collages, prints of abstract drawings and poems to art world notables giving rise to what eventually became known as the New York Correspondence School. 17", "Ray Johnson mail art to Lucy R. Lippard, 1965 June 29", "An Authentik and Historikal Discourse On the Phenomenon of David Zack, Mail Artist", "A gleefully rebellious festival of dada", "Mail Art From 1984 Franklin Furnace Exhibition", "Ray Johnson's letter to me after the event, questioning the issue of sexism", http://www.artpool.hu/MailArt/chrono/1983/Bleus.html, http://www.utsanga.it/bleus-exploring-mail-art/, Postal Modernism: Artists' Stamps and Stamp Images, Mail Art-Archive at the Staatliches Museum Schwerin, You've Got Mail Art: Discovering John Held Jr.'s Role as Librarian and Mail Artist, Mailart & ArtByMail // open_calls & exhibitions repository, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Mail_art&oldid=992487553, Articles with incomplete citations from January 2013, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2013, All articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases, Articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases from January 2013, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Ulises Carrión, "El Arte Correo y el Gran Monstruo", Tumbona ediciones, Mexico, 2013. Many of Johnson's missives to his network featured a hand drawn version of what became a personal logo or alter-ego, a bunny head. Mail Art & Ephemera - Art - Mail Art & Ephemera - Art - Ray Johnson Estate 1958-1994.. [Ray Johnson; Online Archive of California. Donna De Salvo & Catherine Gugis (editors). It opens up the possibility of a democratic aesthetic in which any relationship, between anyone, can be the moment of creation and … Directed by John W. Walter. [2] Ubiquitous 'add & pass' sheets that are designed to be circulated through the network with each artist adding and copying, chain-letter fashion, have also received some unfavorable criticism. Among these events were the Inter Dada Festivals organized in California in the early 1980s[18] and the Decentralized Mail Art Congress of 1986.[19]. In fact, during lockdown, new mail art … Nov 29, 2019. In contrast to the social contract set up by the international mail art movement as it evolved on its own accord (a contract informed by ideals of infinite sharing, of non-competition, of giving without thoughts of return, while resting assured that giver’s receive etc. Jennie Hinchcliff & Carolee Gilligan Wheeler, This page was last edited on 5 December 2020, at 14:56. ‘The Name of the Game’ (11 January-9 March, 2003), curator Ina Blom. "[6] The deliberate misspelling was characteristic of the playful spirit of the Correspondance School and its actions. Biography "The most famous unknown artist in New York" - this is how Grace Glueck, a New York Times reporter, characterized Ray Johnson after his collage exhibition in 1965. [34] The most important anthology of rubberstamp art was published by the artist Hervé Fischer in his book Art and Marginal Communication, Balland, Paris, 1974 - in French, English and German, to note also the catalog of the exhibition "Timbres d'artistes", Published of Musée de la Poste, Paris, 1993, organized by the French artist Jean-Noël Laszlo - in French, English. Where a painting always involves paint and a support surface, correspondence art can appear as any one of dozens of media transmitted through the mail. … [2] Although English has been the de facto language, because of the movement's inception in America, an increasing number of mail artists, and mail artist groups on the Internet, now communicate in Breton, French, Italian, German, Spanish, and Russian. A sub-group of envelope art has its genesis in the Grateful Dead Ticket Service. Known for his innovative multimedia collages, multifaceted Neo-Dada and Pop artist Ray Johnson merged appropriated mass media content with his own painted forms, creating larger silhouetted images both surreal and yet recognizable for their component parts. One example of the activities of the Correspondance School consisted in calling meetings of fan clubs, such as one devoted to the actress Anna May Wong. [1][7] Johnson's experiments with art in the mail began in 1943, while the posting of instructions and soliciting of activity from his recipients began in the mid-1950s with the mailing of his "moticos", and thus provided mail art with a blueprint for the free exchange of art via post. - Ken Friedman[41], "Cultural exchange is a radical act. Excellent gallery (amazing building in itself), excellent and extensive exhibition featuring previously unseen collages and mail art of his. In time others joined in this activity, and in the course of the 1960’s and 1970’s the network grew way beyond the immediate reach and touch of Johnson’s own mailing activities. Ray Johnson’s mail art. [according to whom?] And the emphatic return to these artistic concerns in contemporary art is among the things that accounts for the actuality of Ray Johnson’s lifelong artwork. ... Well known for his involvement in the mail art movement of the 1960s and 1970s, Johnson created the "New York Correspondance School" artist club in 1962 and distributed his postcards, … At some point fans started decorating their envelopes with art. Johnson's work consists primarily of letters, often with the addition of doodles and rubber stamped messages, which he mailed to friends and acquaintances. Johnson reciprocates, but only through interruption. Mail art has also appropriated the postage stamp as a format for individual expression. 39 likes. Posted by Mick Boyle at 10:29 PM No comments: May 18, 2009. four eyed bunny postcard - November 26, 1977. MS 310. The association of mail art with the rules and ambiguities of gift giving is present in Ray Johnson’s reflections on his artistic practice from the late 1950’s onwards. Welch delivered the statement whereby Dr. Cohen was asked to remain on the panel but forfeit her right to serve as moderator. Fricker, a Swiss mail artist who was one of the organizers of the 1986 Mail Art Congress, nevertheless mail art in its pure form would continue to function without the personal meeting between so-called networkers. The manifesto concludes, "We have learned this from our own mistakes." Ray Johnson / Mick Boyle Mail Art Mail Art sent from Ray Johnson to Mick Boyle. [citation needed], In spite of the many links and similarities between historical avant-garde, alternative art practices (visual poetry, copy art, artist's books) and mail art, one aspect that distinguishes the creative postal network from other artistic movements, schools or groups (including Fluxus) is the way it disregards and circumvents for the commercial art market. The initial network was named The New York Correspondance School (sic) – a spin or pun on the idea of artistic schools and the concomitant idea of art history as a succession of such schools. Pictures at an Exhibition presents images of one notable show every weekday. Mail artists value the process of exchanging ideas and the sense of belonging to a global community that is able to maintain a peaceful collaboration beyond differences of language, religion and ideology; this is one aspect that differentiates the mail art network from the world of commercial picture postcards and of simply "mailed art."[31]. [citation needed] "Indeed, the mail art network counts many Fluxus members among its earliest participants. Includes Biography, Selected Works, and Exhibitions. The intent to edit, interpreted as censorship, resulted in a two-part panel discussion sponsored by Artists Talk on Art (organized by mail artist Carlo Pittore and moderated by art critic Robert C. Morgan) in February of that year, where Cohen and the mail artists were to debate the issues. He is a Myth, an enigma. 2) After your exhibition is shown and the documentation sent, or after you have received such a documentation with a list of addresses, use the channels! Inkjet and laserprint computer printouts are also used, both to disseminate artwork and for reproducing zines and documentation, and PDF copies of paperless periodicals and unprinted documentation are circulated by email. While the vast majority of correspondence art or mail art activities take place in the mail, today's new forms of electronic communication blur the edges of that forum. Because the democratic ethos of mail art is one of inclusion, both in terms of participants ('anyone who can afford the postage') and in the scope of art forms, a broad range of media are employed in creation of mail artworks. He wanted to encourage participation amongst as many artists as possible and disseminate the auteurship of the works created. After some give and take with both panelists and audience, Dr. Cohen left, saying, "Have fun boys." Saul Steinberg. Hyper-conscious of the ambiguities of gift giving (the difficult power balance between giver and receiver, the difficult distinction between coercion and voluntary action, between ritual and spontaneity and between gift and mere exchange), Johnson exploited the corresponding ambiguities of the modern postal system – a system founded on the premise that messages always reach their destination, but whose rich mythology is shot through with the anxiety provoked by the idea of non-received, displaced, returned and refused messages. Ray Johnson was a seminal Pop Art figure in the 1950s, an early conceptualist, and a pioneer of mail art. No longer available: To Purchase the Videos. [5] Any person with access to a mailbox can participate in the postal network and exchange free artworks, and each mail artist is free to decide how and when to answer (or not answer) a piece of incoming mail. Mail artists routinely mix media; collage and photomontage are popular, affording some mail art the stylistic qualities of pop art or Dada. A painter associated with the New York School of painting, Johnson had started it all the mid-1950’s, slowly building up a network of correspondents who would exchange objects and messages through the postal system. Cooperation and participation, and the celebration of art as a birthing of life, vision, and spirit are first steps. Ray Johnson mail art, ca. These unofficial rubber stamps, whether disseminating mail artists' messages or simply announcing the identity of the sender, help to transform regular postcards into artworks and make envelopes an important part of the mail art experience.[31]. Mail art had no history, since – unlike a modernist art that seems to reside in an independent realm of ever-evolving formal development – it could be seen to place itself squarely in the realm of social exchanges, that is the realm whose entire principle of circulation and reciprocity is kept in check by the system of gifts. The artists who meet each other in the Eternal Network have taken these steps. A collage-based practice, his work combined photography, drawing, performance, and text across geographical distances, through mail dispatch. Various essays, graduate theses, guides and anthologies of mail art writings have appeared in print and on the Internet, often written by veteran networkers. [1][2], Mail artists appreciate interconnection with other artists. He was called the father of mail art, one of the first … [32] Parody art movements like neoism and plagiarism have challenged notions of originality, as have the shared pseudonymous names Monty Cantsin and Karen Eliot, which were proposed for serial use by anyone. Media commonly used in mail art include postcards, paper, a collage of found or recycled images and objects, rubber stamps, artist-created stamps (called artistamps), and paint, but can also include music, sound art, poetry, or anything that can be put in an envelope and sent via post. "[7], The mail art philosophy of openness and inclusion is exemplified by the "rules" included in invitations (calls) to postal projects: a mail art show has no jury, no entry fee, there is no censorship, and all works are exhibited. [9], Most of the Correspondance School members are fairly obscure, and the letters they sent, often featuring simple drawings or stickers, often instructed the recipient to perform some fairly simple action. These words, written by Ray Johnson, initiator of the international mail art movement, provide a key to one of the most complex and idiosyncratic art projects of the 20th Century. 6) the power of the network is in the quality of the direct correspondence, not the quantity." Printed matter and ephemera are often circulated among mail artists, and after artistic treatment, these common items enter into the mail art network. Johnson's experiments with art in the mail began in 1943, while the posting of instructions and soliciting of activity from his recipients began in the mid-1950s with the mailing of his "moticos", and thus provided mail art with a blueprint for the free exchange of art via post. Stitching, embossing and an array of drawing materials can all be found on postcards, envelopes and on the contents inside. Always on the fringes but wildly popular amongst its practitioners, mail art continues to populate mailboxes globally. Ray Johnson (1927-1995) was a seminal Pop Art figure in the 1950s, an early conceptualist, and a pioneer of mail art. In the 1960s, when correspondence art first began to blossom, most artists found the postal service to be the most readily available - and least expensive - medium of exchange. Interviews with Christo, Chuck Close, Roy Lichtenstein, Judith Malina, James Rosenquist and others help illuminate the life and work of Warhol contemporary Ray Johnson. Posted by Mick at … [39], Performance art has also been a prominent facet, particularly since the advent of mail art meetings and congresses. Mail art is widely practiced in Europe, North and South America, Russia, Australia and Japan, with smaller numbers of participants also in Africa, and China. [citation needed] In addition to being kept by the recipient, mail art archives have attracted the interest of libraries, archives, museums, and private collectors. Ray Johnson (1927-1995) is formally credited with fathering "mail art" as an autonomous genre through his creation of the New York Correspondence School (later The Buddha University, The Asparagus Club, and the Taoist Pop Art School) a network of artists with whom he exchanged, forwarded, and directed art, chosen objects, and collaborative projects through the mail, and with whom he organized associated … His preferred medium was collage, that quintessentially twentieth-century art form that reflects the increased (as the century wore on) collision of disparate visual and verbal information that bombards modern man. Includes Biography, Selected Works, and Exhibitions. Ray Johnson suggested (with a pun) that "mail art has no history, only a present", and mail artists have followed his playful attitude in creating their own mythologies. [exhibition catalogue] Ina Blom (ed. 9 - From Ray Johnson - Mail Art & Ephemera - Art - 9 - From Ray Johnson - Mail Art & Ephemera - Art - Ray Johnson Estate. - Chuck Welch[31], "The purpose of mail art, an activity shared by many artists throughout the world, is to establish an aesthetical communication between artists and common people in every corner of the globe, to divulge their work outside the structures of the art market and outside the traditional venues and institutions: a free communication in which words and signs, texts and colours act like instruments for a direct and immediate interaction." It is in this precise sense that mail art could be said to only have “a present” – a present of communicational events, of uncontrollable exchanges, of things arriving and departing at unforeseen times and places, thanks to the medium of postal system, which, just like television, could be seen to distribute “signals” across the boundaries of time and space. [26], In 1994, Dutch mail artist Ruud Janssen began a series of mail-interviews which became an influential contribution in the field of mail art. [34] Furthermore, attempts have been made to document and define the history of a complex and underestimated phenomenon that has spanned five decades. The rubber stamp officially used for franking mail, already utilized by Dada and Fluxus artists, has been embraced by mail artists who, in addition to reusing ready-made rubber stamps, have them professionally made to their own designs. "[13], In his 1973 diagram showing the development and scope of Fluxus, George Maciunas included mail art among the activities pursued by the Fluxus artist Robert Filliou. The written word is used as a literary art form, as well as for personal letters and notes sent with artwork and recordings of the spoken word, both of poetry and prose, are also a part of the network. - Loredana Parmesani[42], Ray Johnson, the New York Correspondance School, and Fluxus, Philosophy and norms of the mail artist network, Media and artistic practices in the creation of mail artworks, Francesco Vincitorio, "Informalista o videoartista? 1972. [38], Lettering, whether handwritten or printed, is integral to mail art. While contributions may be solicited around a particular theme, work to a required size, or sent in by a deadline, mail art generally operates within a spirit of "anything goes. Mailable fake fur ("Hairmail") and Astroturf postcards were circulated in the late 1990s. In 1984 curator Ronny Cohen organized an exhibition for the Franklin Furnace, New York, called "Mail Art Then and Now. These words, written by Ray Johnson, initiator of the international mail art movement, provide a key to one of the most complex and idiosyncratic art projects of the 20th Century. The artform promotes an egalitarian way of creating that frequently circumvents official art distribution and approval systems such as the art market, museums, and galleries. The night preceding the second panel on February 24, Carlo Pittore, John P. Jacob, Chuck Welch a.k.a. [33] Semi-fictional organizations have been set up and virtual lands invented, imaginary countries for which artistamps are issued. Ray Johnson began sending his mail art to circumvent the insular gatekeeping of the New York gallery scene. Mail artists rely on their alternative "outsider" network as the primary way of sharing their work, rather than being dependent on the ability to locate and secure exhibition space. CrackerJack Kid, David Cole and John Held, Jr. crafted a statement asking Dr. Cohen to step down as the panel moderator. The Ulises Carrión exhibition is focused on Carrión’s series of mail art works known under title “The Big Monster”, belonging to the ISLAA collection, sponsor of the exhibition. This American halfgod is the pet and totem animal of the whole Mail-Art Netland. The ethereal networker aesthetic calls for guiding that dream through action. [28] The Internet facilitated faster dissemination of mail art calls (invitations) and precipitated the involvement of a large number of newcomers. Johnson was also a pioneer in the now worldwide “Mail Art” or “Correspondence Art” movement where works are literally sent through the … However, Xerography has been a key technology in the creation of many short-run periodicals and zines about mail art, and for the printed documentation that has been the traditional project culmination sent to participants. Photography is widely used as an art form, to provide images for artistamps and rubber stamps, and within printed and digital magazines and documentation,[31] while some projects have focused on the intersection of mail art with the medium itself. STUDIES IN TACTICAL MEDIA #3 >From Mail Art to Net.art: Ray Johnson and the Lives of the Saints. Conceptual artist Ray Johnson (1927–1995) was a pioneer of mail art, utilizing an ever-evolving lexicon of graphic and textual elements in his work. [40], "Correspondence art is an elusive art form, far more variegated by its very nature than, say, painting. [3][4], Mail art can be seen as anticipating the cyber communities founded on the Internet. The answer is complicated, to say the least. [37], Printing is suited to mail artists who distribute their work widely. Review: Recalling Ray Johnson, a Pioneer of Mail Art “Untitled (Max Ernst With Toothbrush),” 1974-92, is one of the collages Ray Johnson circulated through the mail over years. Mail art and can take a variety of forms including postcards, packages, faxes, emails and blogs. Mail Art Shameless second plug of the Raven Row exhibition of Ray Johnson's collages and mail art work. Correspondence is "a way to convey a message or a kind of idea to someone which is not verbal; it is not a confrontation of two people. But then concept of nothing informed his artistic project in so many ways, from his mailings to performance-like activities to his rare exhibitions: it organized his very thinking on art and on the role of art and aesthetics in relation to that entity called the social. In a way, it was a performance of art to an audience of one. Ray Johnson is more than a human being. It can create paradigms for the reverential sharing and preservation of the earth's water, soil, forests, plants and animals. We invited Dr. Gosse as special guest lecturer on mail art and the work of mail art pioneer artist Ray Johnson. 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